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Code of Professional Conduct

The Code of Professional Conduct informs the professionals of the standard of professional conduct required of them in the exercise of their professional accountability and practice. It also informs the public, other professionals and employees of the standard of professional conduct that they can expect of a registered practitioner. As a Registered Nurse/Midwife, you must: o Protect and support the health of individual patient and clients o Protect and promote the health of the wider community o Act in such a way that justifies the trust and confidence the public have in you o Uphold and enhance the good reputation of the profession o Protect and enhance any harm that might affect own professional performance

Continuing Professional Development

Continuing Professional development for nurses refers to the process of documenting and tracking the skills, knowledge and experience gained formally and informally by nurses beyond initial registration. Continuing Professional Development provides a record of relevant experience, learning and application of that learning into clinical practice. Individual nurses maintain a folder or portfolio documenting their learning and experiences in professional nursing practice. The portfolio process involves nurses reflecting on their own personal achievement and development as a nurse. Reflection on practice is central to both the portfolio and Continuing Professional Development process. Continuing Professional Development allows nurses to manage their own personal and professional development on an ongoing basis. This involves recording, reviewing and reflecting on learning related to their professional role. There are a number of providers for Continuing Professional Development both nationally and locally at different levels within the healthcare system. All Continuing Professional Development providers are required to conform to standards articulated by Oman Medical Specialty Board. OMSB award credits for Continuing Professional Development activities that meet the required standards. Credits awarded for Continuing Professional Development activities are redeemed by participants in specific CPD activities as well as providers involved in facilitating those activities. The accreditation system for Continuing Professional Development activities recognises a variety of Continuing Professional Development activities: examples include workshops – short courses – and individual participant activities involving reflection and study. The full list of recognised CPD activities is available in the CPD booklet that can be found in all healthcare institutions.

National Nursing Internship Program

The Nursing Internship Program is an organised, planned training program designed to facilitate the transition of new nursing graduates into the roles and responsibilities of clinical nurses in health care settings. The program is designed for a minimum of six months, which provide support to new graduates by offering opportunities for professional growth and autonomy, leading to active participation as members of a clinical team. Benefits for the new graduates include increased confidence in knowledge and assessment skills; improved clinical, decision making, prioritising and problem solving skills. This program is fully preceptored and includes a General Hospital Orientation. In addition to the General Hospital Orientation, the graduates also receive a separate ward orientation in their areas of clinical placement. Assessment of clinical practice competencies is an ongoing process, and is an essential component of the Programme. All Graduates are given the opportunity to engage in formative assessments, and receive regular feedback from their Preceptors on their progress and achievements. At the end of the Internship Programme (at six months), the Graduates’ final assessment compares their performance against the 6 Practice Competencies, which recorded as ‘Achieved or Not Yet Achieved’.

Registration and Licensing

Due the expanding nursing specialties and micro-specialties throughout the different levels of care (primary, secondary and tertiary), there is an urging need to discipline the nursing profession and set legislature to regulate the profession and ensure safety of healthcare recipients and well as providers. Thus to ensure that nurses are competent and safe to deliver quality nursing care services in the Sultanate of Oman. This is done by: 1. Register all nursing categories and health support groups in the Sultanate and establish a comprehensive and updated database. 2. Confer, renew and terminate licenses to practice and put in place the necessary procedures, and in accordance with the provisions of the laws, regulations and related decisions. 3. Issue registration certificates for all nursing categories in the government sectors in the Sultanate (civil and military) and the private sector based on the records. 4. Issue certificates of professional competence (Good Standing) of nursing categories at the Ministry of Health, the certificate is given for those leaving the service with the evidence of not less than “Good” performance report from the employer. 5. Issue certificates of End of Service for nursing categories. The benefit of regulating the profession is of manifolds, is include but not limited to the following: 1. Demonstrates competency, qualification, and expertise in health care professional practice, 2. Emphasis the protection of patients, safety, quality care and public welfare, 3. Monitors the practice of nursing to ensure the integrity of the profession and high professional standards and conduct, 4. Helps to discipline licensees who violate the standards of conduct or perform below the minimum acceptable standards.

Nursing Research

Strategies adopted to promote nursing research The priority for nursing research is centred in the promotion of excellence in nursing science (service and education). The Directorate General of Nursing Affairs is aware of the importance of evidence based practice and research and its efforts continue to develop nursing researchers and sharpen their research skills and use those skills to address emerging issues of importance to the profession and its customers. The following strategies were adopted by the Directorate General priorities and tangible steps have been taken place to ensure their application: 1. Develop a networking system for capacity building among Omani nurses interested in research to support quality practice 2. Raise awareness on the impact of evidence-based, research and use of research findings in clinical practice 3. Develop a research data bank system that contains research projects conducted in Oman and also provide local, regional, and international links to research facilities and literature references 4. Provide support to researchers regionally and nationally and conduct research projects. Consultancy Along with what has been highlighted in health vision 2050, evidence based practice built on research and the utilization of research is essential for the future of the professions to be both credible in the eyes of their health service colleagues and the public. High visibility of nursing research is a vital ingredient through publications and presentations of innovative research and through representation at a high level within the Ministry of Health. Advanced and intensive activities in evidence based and research were conducted to enable research nurse mentors to lead and conduct research projects according to identified needs at the service and education levels. In this context, international research experts and publishers were invited to conduct research “Train the Trainer” courses. Fourteen nurses from were trained so far as “Research Mentors”, their role and responsibilities are to raise awareness on the impact of evidence-based, research and use of research findings in clinical practice as well as supervise nursing research projects within their institutions.

Transfer services for nursing cadres

Transfer services is provided for nurses who request to transfer from a working health institution to another facility within the Governorate or to other Governorate. The process of transfer is based upon the availability of a vacant grade in that institution or a replacement of the same specialty. According to the Ministry of Health policy, the transfer must be approved by both institution.

Employment

The Directorate General of Nursing Affaires is responsible for identifying human resource needs in all health institutions within the Ministry of Health (MOH) to ensure the provision of efficient and high quality of nursing services. Employment of Omani nursing cadres is done by: o Recruiting Omani newly graduates from MOH Nursing Institutes o Advertising for vacancies within the Ministry of Health for Omani graduates from other nursing education institutions. o Advertising for vacancies for non-Omani nurses in coordination with concerned authorities within the MOH

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